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Glossary : sonometry



Sound Pressure Level : Sound Pressure is the difference between the pressure produced by a sound wave and the barometric pressure at the same point in space.



LAeq - A-weighted. equivalent sound level : A widely used noise parameter describing an sound level with the same Energy content as the varying acoustic signal measured. Also written as dBA Leq



Peak Sound Pressure - Lpk : greatest absolute instantaneous sound pressure during a given time interval.



Time Averaged Sound Pressure Level - LAT : the equivalent steady level over a given period of time that contains the same amount of noise energy as the actual fluctuating level.



Lpeak(C) : C-weighted. Peak. Sound Level.



Lday - Day equivalent level : A-weighted. Leq. Sound Level. measured over the 12-hour period 07.00 - 19.00 hours.



Lden - Day-evening-night equivalent level : A-weighted. Leq. noise level. measured over the 24 hour period. with a 10 dB penalty added to the levels between 23.00 and 07.00 hours and a 5 dB penalty added to the levels between 19.00 and 23.00 hours to reflect people's extra sensitivity to noise during the night and the evening.



Daily Exposure Level - LEX.8h : is the Leq - Equivalent Continuous Sound Level corrected for the length of the working shift. in this case 8 hours : Sound Exposure averaged over 8 hours. The Noise at Work Directive 2003/10/EC : defines the following limit and action values:

  • Exposure Limit Values: LEX.8h = 87 dB(A) and LCpeak = 200 Pa respectively;
  • Upper Exposure Action Values: LEX.8h = 85 dB(A) and LCpeak = 140 Pa respectively;
  • Lower Exposure Action Values: LEX.8h = 80 dB(A) and LCpeak = 112 Pa respectively.

LCpeak is the maximum value of the C-weighted. instantaneous noise pressure.



Decay Time : the time taken for the Sound Pressure Level to fall by 60 dB - a million to one



Lmax - Maximum Sound Level : level during a measurement period or a noise event.



Lmin - Minimum Sound Level : during a measurement period or a noise event.



Standardized Impact Sound Pressure Level - LnT : the impact Sound Pressure Level in a stated frequency band. corrected for the standardized reverberation time of 0.5 seconds. Laboratory measurement.



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